Galle Fort and the Literary Festival

The Galle Fort on the southwest coast of Sri Lanka had been a place that I visited on an annual basis for a few years. The Portuguese first built the fort in the 16th century to defend themselves against the locals. It was later improved upon greatly by the Dutch in the 17th and 18th centuries with some additions by the British when they took over in the 18th century. It is now an UNESCO world heritage site and is maintained quite well. To this day, it has both a residential and commercial area with one section housing Government offices and the bulk of it, a crisscross of symmetrical streets with houses and small businesses interspersed with historical landmarks such as the lighthouse, the Dutch Reformed Church etc.

The trip to the fort was a tradition of sorts, my mother and I visiting the Galle Fort annually on a day trip in January during the Galle Literary festival. I would choose the day and the key session that we would be attending and perhaps, another fringe event and we would be off at 6 a.m. on the Colombo to Galle bus. My favourite two sessions from the years that I attended the literary festival were the conversation sessions with my favourite playwrights, Michael Frayn and Tom Stoppard.


I had directed and staged Frayn’s Copenhagen, while at university, so listening to him talk about how he went about constructing it was moving. It was like hearing a much loved story again through the person who has not only experienced it with you but was also the one instrumental in bringing that experience to you. I took my old, well thumbed copies of plays by both and got them autographed by the authors.

Besides the sessions with writers, there were film screenings and other fringe events, including children focused workshop activities, heritage walks and culinary tours, during the literary festival. One of the film screenings that I attended and very much liked was the screening of Tropical Amsterdam, a documentary sharing the perspectives of some of the well-known elderly Burghers, the Eurasian ethnic community in Sri Lanka. There is a sense of resignation in the documentary that there will be no ‘Burgher’ identity left in Sri Lanka and I felt it would have been good to include the perspectives of the younger generations as well to see if they too shared the same sense of resignation.

Until our particular session time, my mother and I enjoyed walking around the Galle Fort though the amount and distance we walked and explored gradually declined in par with my mother’s declining health. Despite my concerns over her physical fitness to withstand a full day’s trip which included a three hour bus ride each way and sitting in hour-long sessions, her resolute nature was keen to continue this annual mother-daughter ritual. So, we continued our day trips, my mother in her neck collar, and we would walk around exploring the fort.

The gate to the fort was a fortified structure with space within its walls. Probably offices and quarters of the Dutch in the past, it now housed the Maritime museum as well as spaces for hosting art exhibitions.


Turning right after entering through the gate and walking along the walls of the fort, one would come to the street with the 18th century Dutch Reformed Church (the oldest Dutch built church in Sri Lanka) as well as the 19th century All Saints Church.


Tombstone inscriptions on the floor greet you as you step into the Dutch Reformed Church (DRC). The church is simple and practical in its construction and is built to keep out the heat of the city. The organ from 1760 still maintains its place in a corner of the church.



Adjacent to the church, a small library had been constructed in 1832 and functions to this date. It is considered the oldest public library in Sri Lanka.


The All Saints Church, a pretty church consecrated in 1871, maintains the same concept of simplicity and practicality in its design as the DRC.


Walking further past the Dutch Reformed Church, one comes to the Government office section and eventually to the public square. The fort was very much a self-contained mini-town during the days of the Dutch and the British.


It was lovely to walk through the old streets – the Leynbaan street – a street that according to one of my Dutch friends could have been similar to the rope maker’s street in old Netherlands where the ropes were made and soaked along drain lines that ran along the length of the street. Indeed, during the Dutch period, Galle became a rope making center. Lace making was also introduced and to this day, both crafts are prevalent as a cottage industry in that town.


The Pedlar’s street was the area where the Moor traders had their businesses and again to this day, small businesses run by Muslim families form the bulk of the enterprises within the Fort complex. While there were several inns and cafes around the fort, we kept returning to our favourites – Pedlar’s Inn and Heritage café, which was the former Old Bakery.


After our coffee or meal, we would continue walking till the end of the street to a section of the ramparts of the fort. The ramparts are a lovely area to walk across in the early mornings or evenings but not when the sun is directly blazing over you.



If you walk along the ramparts, you eventually come to the lighthouse which you anyway see from a distance and the early 20th century mosque, which is a few metres from the lighthouse.



These two landmarks usually form the iconic photographs of the Fort and basically characterize the Fort legacy – the Moor traders who made Galle an important port city on the spice trade route and the later European colonizers who built fortifications to protect their interests.


The Galle fort and literary festival was therefore a special experience for me as it was a travel experience shared with my mother and experiencing together the heritage site full of culture and history as well as interesting conversation sessions at the literary festival made each visit a treasured memory. As the 2012 literary festival dates approached, my mother informed me that she did not feel well enough to travel out of Colombo. So, I decided not to go that year. As it turned out, the Galle literary festival was suddenly discontinued that year. It resumed this year, after a four year hiatus as the Fairway Galle Literary festival, under a different management. However, as the fort and festival are linked with the day trips with my mother, I prefer to go with my mother if and when she is able to.

[I am linking this to City Tripping #30, The Weekly Travel Postcard, the new Monday Escapes #43, and the newly started link-up Cultured Kids]


Travel Notes & Beyond
Travel Loving Family
the Pigeon Pair and Me

25 thoughts on “Galle Fort and the Literary Festival

  1. This is a great blog post on your experience at Galle Fort…We visited Galle early last year and so loved this place…you manlike to take a look at my post too :
    Sri Lanka: Sights & Flavour’s around Galle:

    Liked by 1 person

  2. What a lovely mother-daughter ritual to have had and such a great place for a festival. I only had a short time in Galle during my visit to Sri Lanka but loved it there, such a great place to wander around through the shady streets and along the old fortifications, although I remember that being very hot! Thanks for linking up to #citytripping

    Liked by 1 person

    • Lovely to hear that you enjoyed exploring Galle fort during your visit, Cathy. It does get very hot as the day progresses, though it is relatively better in January. Which is why we preferred to do our walking in the mornings and then relaxing in cafes or going for an indoor festival event.


  3. What a nice mother-and-daughter outing! I’ve never been in Sri Lanka, but that would be the last place on earth where I would expect to find a Literary Festival. It’s a great custom though and I am envious that we don’t have one in Los Angeles.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Thanks, Anda. I agree both the annual outing and the literary festival is a great custom. But, last place on earth, huh? 🙂 That’s funny! This subcontinent already has one of the literary festivals considered among the top 5 in the world – the Jaipur literature festival in India.


  4. How special that you and your mother share this experience every year together! I’m very envious that you got to hear Michael Frayn – I really enjoyed reading his novel, Spies. I’m desperate to visit Sri Lanka so really enjoy reading your posts.

    Liked by 1 person

  5. I LOVE Sri Lanka! I have been to Sri Lanka twice but never got the chance to properly see the Galle Fort area. We only took photos of the fort and drove out of town. Your photos of the area show such lovely architecture of Portuguese and Dutch influences. Reminds me a lot of my hometown Malacca in Malaysia which was also a former Portuguese and Dutch colony. I would love to come back again to Sri Lanka to explore Galle Fort 🙂 #CityTripping

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Thanks for sharing this on The Weekly Postcard linkup. I understand your sentiment about not wanting to go without your mum and I would feel the same, I imagine. Certain events just aren’t the same if you can’t go with a special companion.

    Galle looks to be an interesting site. My husband and I are looking forward to the opportunity to explore Sri Lanka. it can’t come soon enough for us!

    Liked by 1 person

  7. Pingback: City Tripping #31 - Wander Mum

  8. Oh you met Michael Frayn – what a fantastic experience. And I imagine directing Copenhagen must have been a rewarding job too. I love his plays – I saw an amateur version of Noises Off and a professional version of Donkey’s Years in the West End of London.
    My father was at university with Michael Frayn – not that I ever met the man himself. 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

    • It was a fantastic experience indeed, Trish. With Copenhagen, the minute I read the text for a contemporary playwrights course at university, I knew I had to direct it and it was very rewarding seeing the text come to life before your eyes.


  9. What a lovely experience to share with your mum! I only had a day in Sri Lanka and travelled to The elephant orphanage but Galle Fort is definitely on my radar for a future visit! Thanks for linking up to #MondayEscapes


    • Thank you, Nell. The festival has been a wonderful one during the years my mother and I attended. I don’t know how it is now, under the new management, but hopefully it is as good or even better.


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